The Park is located in the extreme northwest of the
Province of Misiones, about 18 km (11 mi) from Iguazu Port, and
about 1400 km (875 mi) from Buenos Aires. It was established
October 9, 1934 with the purpose of protecting the exuberant
subtropical jungle that surrounds the famous Iguazu Falls, one of
the natural wonders of the world, along with the various species
of animals and characteristic vegetation. In 1984 it was declared
a World Heritage by UNESCO. It boasts one of the major forest
reserves of South America and one of the last protected
environmental areas of the Paranß river. The Park, within
Argentine territory, protects a thriving amount of subtropical
vegetation that surrounds the Falls, 2,000 species of plants:
gigantic trees, ferns, lianas(vines), orchids; and 400 species of
birds: parrots, humming birds, and toucans. The fauna is
represented by the jaguar, tapir, capybara, snow leopard,
anteater, and puma.
The Iguazu Falls, the main attraction of this region, are
created thanks to the Iguazu river, that branches off into 275
waterfalls that rush into a majestic chasm about 70 m (230 ft)
high totaling about 2.7 km (1.5 mi) in length. As the waters go crashing to the bottom vapor rises in the
form of a very fine drizzle and under the sun, creates multiple
rainbows. This spectacle owes its name to the word Iguazu, which
means "Aguas Grandes" (Grand Waters) in the "guaranÝes"
language. The guaranÝes are indigenous people that inhabited this
region before the arrival of settlers.
Of the total area of the Iguazu region (more than 370,000 acres
in Brazil and 110,000 acres in Argentina), two-thirds of the
waterfalls are found within Argentine territory, "la Garganta
del Diablo" (the Devil's Throat) passes right by the
Brazilian border. However, it is necessary to explore both sides
of the border, since in Brazil you get an excellent panoramic view
of the waterfalls. And it is ideal to tour the bridges, footpaths,
and trails on the
Argentine side to actually experience the Falls up close and observe the
beauty of the flora and fauna. Two circuits exist to define the
entire area: the foot of the waterfalls, which is called the Lower
Circuit, 1600 m (5,248 ft) in length. The second is "arriba"
or the Upper Circuit, 1200 m (3,936 ft) long. From the Visitor's
Center, one can get to the circuits by train or by the green
trail. From the Lower Circuit it is possible to take a boat that
crosses the river and transports you to San Martin Island.
Misiones Province, Iguazú District. 18
km.(11.25 mi) from the Iguazú Port and 1400 km.(875
mi) from Buenos Aires.
When to go
Iguazú Falls, Garganta del Diablo (Devil's Throat), Macuco Trail, Yacariatá
Trail, San Ignacio Jesuit Mission Ruins, San Martín
How to get there
The Park is connected nationally and internationally to
countless roads and highways. By land, one can access the
park from Route 12 or go by bus through one of the many
companies. By air, aside from coastal flights within in
Argentina there are flights from San Pablo, Brazil and it is
important to remember that the Iguazu Airport is only 7 km
(4 mi) from the Falls.
Rafting, trekking and horseback riding in El Dorado,
Accommodations, transportation, food.
Foz do Iguaçú National Park (Brasil), Wanda Mines, Iguazú
Port, Posadas, San Ignacio.
Its climate is warm, with average temperatures of 15°C
(59║F), during June and July, and 25°C (77║F), in
December and January. Rainfall measures 2000 mm (78 in)
yearly and the relative humidity fluctuates between 75% and 90%.