No vaccinations are required
to visit Argentina, however, there is a slight risk of
contracting cholera, hepatitis B, and Dengue in the more
remote regions of the country. An anti-malaria vaccine
is recommended if you plan on visiting rural areas near
the borders with Bolivia and Paraguay.
The water in Argentina is
drinkable, therefore consuming water shouldn't be a problem.
Although be careful when leaving the larger cities and
entering less populated areas. It is safer and better
for you to drink bottled water.
in other countries, the healthiness or cleanliness of
the food in Argentina depends on where you go to consume
it. In general there are no serious problems with hygiene,
nevertheless in the northern region of Argentina on the
border with Bolivia, they are accustomed to successive
outbreaks of cholera. Avoid consuming seafood and raw
vegetables in these areas.
Malaria: It is a contagious
illness caused by a protozoan parasite in the red blood
cells, called plasmodium or Laveran
transmitted by the anopheles mosquito which dwells in
humid, marshy areas. The sickness causes fever at regular
intervals, following a rhythmic pattern (tertian or quartan
fever), anemia, swelling of the spleen, and a general
alteration of the health. The base treatment includes
quinine and synthetic products. Theoretically, in Argentina,
the illness is confined to the tropical areas near the
borders with Bolivia and Paraguay, as well as some areas
of Corrientes and Del Chaco.
Chagas Disease: It
is a sickness transmitted by a vector insect, the "kissing
bug" (triatomine). This insect carries a microbe
in it's blood that acts as a parasite moving in a cyclic
pattern between the blood and the cells of the organism.
The "kissing bug" only feeds on human and animal
blood, and it transmits the microbe through its fecal
waste, which is eliminated immediately after stinging.
The person affected by the Chagas disease will have acquired
a chronic illness that may cause death.
Dengue Fever: The
only way to avoid Dengue is by preventing mosquito bites,
which is how the illness is transmitted. It produces
fever, headaches and muscle pains and later produces
a skin rash all over the body. This illness does not
have serious complications, however it can take up to
one month to recuperate.
Cholera: The vaccine
against cholera does not result to be very effective
and the bacteria that produces this illness is water
borne, therefore you should take precautions when you
eat and drink. Some outbreaks of this illness have appeared
in northern Argentina near the border with Bolivia, so
be careful if visiting this region. Avoid raw foods like
fish, seafood, and vegetables. Symptoms of this disease
include continuous and liquid diarrhea, vomiting, cramps
and weakness. If you contract Cholera, go directly to
the nearest hospital and try to avoid dehydration.
Altitude sickness or Puna: In the high regions of Argentina
that surpass 2,500 meters (8,200 ft.) above sea level,
the altitude can have serious effects on the body. The
lack of oxygen and atmospheric pressure may cause headaches,
nausea, shortness of breath, and physical weakness in
some people. The body should adapt itself to the oxygen
shortage after a few days, although if the discomfort
continues or gets worse (headache not yielding to aspirin,
repeated vomiting, staggering and confusion), you must
descend in altitude to prevent the development of acute
mountain sickness which can be fatal. It is best to avoid
smoking and alcohol, and to drink lots of water and to
avoid excessive exercise. Keep this in mind if you wish
to take the journey of De las Nubes Train or cross any
care facilities in Buenos Aires
Gral. de Agudos Carlos G. Durand
Diaz Velez 5044, Cap. Federal
Pueyrredon 1640, Buenos Aires
450, Buenos Aires
609, Buenos Aires
de Niños R. Gutierrez
1330, Capital Federal