Located in the northeast region of the Salta
Province, in the district opposite Santa Victoria, Baritu National
Park has an area or more than 73,000 acres.
This National Park was created in 1974 to preserve a sector of
Nuboselvas (cloudy jungles) that have remained so pure due to the
lack of accessibility to them, and since the abrupt landscape has made
it difficult to extract wood.
The park is limited by strips of mountains with altitudes of
more than 2000 m (6560 ft) like the Cerro de las Parvas and the
Of the countless currents of water that flow through the park
the more significant ones are the Lipeo river, in the north, and
the Porongal and Pescado rivers that empty into the Bermejo river.
A small stretch of the Bermejo river forms the northeastern border
of the park. This is the northern most of the nationally protected
areas that guard mountain jungles, distinguishing its forest with
the presence of its tree-like fern and the "maroma", a very unique
plant species that germinates on other trees, living its first
few years epiphytically (growing on another plant) while its roots
grow toward the ground. This plant is similar to other timber or
native rubber trees. Once it is planted firmly to the ground, the
"maroma" grows quickly wrapping itself around the tree that sustains
it, eventually killing it. The salteño cedar trees of extremely
valuable wood, reach grandiose sizes in this region.
In specific places where the humidity is high and the altitudes
surpass 800 m (2624 ft), forests of myrtaceous trees develop with
certain species such as "horco molle", "mato",
and "güili". The transition forest is represented
by thickets of "tipa"(yellow-flowered hardwood tree),
"pacaráes", and "cebiles" trees accompanied
by rosewood and "cochuchos". In Baritu National Park you
will not find, however, forests of "queñoa" nor high
pastures. On the banks of rivers and streams, small trees grow
such as the acacia and the "pájaro bobo", that are
accompanied by bushes such as the turpentine.
The fauna of this region is typical of the "nuboselva"
and is inhabited by various endangered species like the jaguar
that, while scarce, exists in remote areas, away from "yungas"
like this park. There are also other species of felines, the snow
leopard and the much smaller "ocelote", with yellowish
fur and dark spots.
Among the mammals, the endangered tapir has a strong presence
in the park. Its large footprints can be seen on trails and on the
banks of streams and rivers. Other common species are the "pecarí
de collar"(species of pig), mountain fox, "coati"(raccoon-like),
agouti, and the "cai" monkey.
Close to the rivers and streams, where deep, large ditches of
water form inhabited by shad fish and "bogas", there
also live aquatic carnivores such as the river otter, and the
"mayuato"(type of raccoon). The river otter has very lustrous
dark-grayish fur with two layers: one is thicker and covers
the other shorter, finer layer. The "mayuato" or
"osito lavador" is easily distinguishable for its
noticeable black mask that covers its eyes and snout, and for its
Other inhabitants characteristic of this kind of environment
are the "mirlo de agua" (type of blackbird) among the
rocks of the streams, and the "yapú"(thrush), a large
type of oriole that constructs hanging nests. There are also bats
such as the kingfisher, that nourishes itself by hunting fish and
water insects with its claws as it flies over the surface of the water
in flocks. A type of marsupial frog, the red-stained Ia, inhabits
the sierras of the Park.
Salta Province. 35 km (22 mi) from Los Toldos and 50 km (31
mi) from San Ramón
de la Nueva Orán.
When to go
Flora and fauna.
How to get there
From San Ramón de la Nueva Orán you arrive by
taking Ruta Nacional #50 up to Aguas Blancas, which is the
closest town to the protected area. From here there is a
dirt road, the Ruta
Provincial #19, that runs 34 km (21 mi) until you reach
the southern border of the Park.
Trekking, observing flora and fauna